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文章来源:admin    时间:2019-01-28

  Chinese scientists have successfully decoded1 the genome of the Pacific white shrimp2 and acquired a high quality reference genome map of the species.   中国科学家成功解码太平洋白虾的基因组,得到该物种的高品质参照基因组。   Xiang Jianhai, researcher with Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said scientists applied3 a variety of sequencing technologies, and conducted numerous genome assembly approaches before achieving the results. It took scientists 10 years to complete the study.   Li Fuhua, researcher with the institute, said the decoding4 of the genome offered important material for the study of crustacean5 benthic adaptation and molting6, and would also help scientists in genomic breading and molecular7 improvement of the species.   The achievement was published on Jan. 21 in Nature Communications.   The Pacific white shrimp has an annual output of 4.16 million tonnes globally, and China produces a quarter of the total. China imports large quantities of shrimp seedling8 every year.   The gene9 decoding can help China develop its own Pacific white shrimp breeds, according to Li.
1 decoded      v.译(码),解(码)( decode的过去式和过去分词 );分析及译解电子信号 参考例句:
  • The control unit decoded the 18 bits. 控制器对这18位字进行了译码。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Scientists have decoded the dog genome. 科学家已经译解了狗的基因组。 来自辞典例句
2 shrimp      n.虾,小虾;矮小的人 参考例句:
  • When the shrimp farm is built it will block the stream.一旦养虾场建起来,将会截断这条河流。
  • When it comes to seafood,I like shrimp the best.说到海鲜,我最喜欢虾。
3 applied      adj.应用的;v.应用,适用 参考例句:
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。
4 decoding      n.译码,解码v.译(码),解(码)( decode的现在分词 );分析及译解电子信号 参考例句:
  • We cannot add any other memory to this system without further decoding. 如果不增加译码,就不能使系统的存贮容量有任何扩展。 来自辞典例句
  • Examples using the 8250 will be presented in hardware section to clarify full-decoding schemes. 在硬件一节中有应用说明全译码方案8250的例子。 来自辞典例句
5 crustacean      n.甲壳动物;adj.甲壳纲的 参考例句:
  • Seafood is a valuable lobster crustacean section.名贵海珍品龙虾属甲壳科。
  • The illustrious Cuvier did not perceive that a barnacle was a crustacean.大名鼎鼎的居维叶也未看出藤壶是一种甲壳动物。
6 molting      n.蜕皮v.换羽,脱毛( molt的现在分词 ) 参考例句:
  • The old cuticle is digested by molting fluid. 旧表皮被蜕皮液消化。 来自辞典例句
  • Molting in insects is triggered by rising levels of a hormone called ecdysone. 昆虫的脱皮是由于称为脱皮素激素的含量升高而引起的。 来自辞典例句
7 molecular      adj.分子的;克分子的 参考例句:
  • The research will provide direct insight into molecular mechanisms.这项研究将使人能够直接地了解分子的机理。
  • For the pressure to become zero, molecular bombardment must cease.当压强趋近于零时,分子的碰撞就停止了。
8 seedling      n.秧苗,树苗 参考例句:
  • She cut down the seedling with one chop.她一刀就把小苗砍倒了。
  • The seedling are coming up full and green.苗长得茁壮碧绿。
9 gene      n.遗传因子,基因 参考例句:
  • A single gene may have many effects.单一基因可能具有很多种效应。
  • The targeting of gene therapy has been paid close attention.其中基因治疗的靶向性是值得密切关注的问题之一。

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