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亚洲多国大幅增加流感疫苗供应

文章来源:admin    时间:2020-09-30

  Some Asian countries are rolling out early and more aggressive influenza1 vaccination2 programs this year, seeking to reduce the potential of people contracting the flu and COVID-19 simultaneously3, crippling healthcare systems.   一些亚洲国家本年早早推出了更活跃的流感防疫方案,以降低人们一起感染流感和新冠病毒的可能性,避免医疗系统因而溃散。   With a second or third wave of the coronavirus pandemic looming4 for many countries, tackling this year's flu season – typically December through February – has taken on increased urgency.   In Japan, the health ministry5 is preparing 31.2 million flu shots, up seven percent from last year and the highest amount since 2015. Officials are also urging symptomatic patients to call medical hotlines before going for testing to avoid contagion6 at hospitals.   "We are going to focus our medical resources on the severely7 ill in anticipation8 of the seasonal9 influenza epidemic," Takeshi Enami, a Japanese health ministry official said last week after a meeting of disease experts.   The World Health Organization has urged global widespread flu vaccinations10 this year, amid concerns the same people who are most vulnerable to risks from COVID-19, such as the elderly and those with respiratory conditions, are also at greatest risk for the flu.   Data on the number of annual flu cases across Asia is limited, although Japan had about 12 million cases in the 2018/19 season, according to an official source.   In South Korea, health authorities are procuring11 30 million flu vaccines13 for the winter season, up 20 percent from last year. Around 19 million people will be inoculated14 for free, covering a third of the country's population, up from 13.8 million a year ago.   Officials are also extending the demographic window for free vaccination, this year covering children from six months to 18, adults over 61 and pregnant women.   South Korea's biggest flu vaccine12 maker15 GC Pharma told Reuters it will make over 10 million flu shots for this season, up from the 8.5 million doses last year.   In China, some local authorities have reported a surge in demand. Disease prevention authorities in the Changning district of Shanghai city told local media they expect demand for flu vaccines in the autumn and winter to increase some 50 percent from previous years.   In Australia, where the flu season runs roughly from June to September, officials procured16 16.5 million flu shots, up from 13.2 million last year.   The moves in Asia echo similar efforts in North America and Europe. In the United States, pharmaceutical17 firms are expected to provide around 200 million flu vaccines this year, about 20 percent more than usual.
1 influenza      n.流行性感冒,流感 参阅凯发k8官例句:
  • They took steps to prevent the spread of influenza.他们采纳方法
  • Influenza is an infectious disease.流感是一种流行症。
2 vaccination      n.接种疫苗,种痘 参阅例句:
  • Vaccination is a preventive against smallpox.种痘是防备天花的方法。
  • Doctors suggest getting a tetanus vaccination every ten years.医师主张每十年打针一次破伤风疫苗。
3 simultaneously      adv.一起产生地,一起进行地 参阅例句:
  • The radar beam can track a number of targets almost simultaneously.雷达波简直能够一起追着多个方针。
  • The Windows allow a computer user to execute multiple programs simultaneously.Windows答应计算机用户一起运转多个程序。
4 looming      n.上现蜃景(光经过低层大气产生反常折射构成的一种空中楼阁)v.模糊呈现,阴沉地迫临( loom的现在分词 );模糊呈现,阴沉地迫临 参阅例句:
  • The foothills were looming ahead through the haze. 丘陵地带透过薄雾模糊地呈现在眼前。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Then they looked up. Looming above them was Mount Proteome. 接着他们往上看,在其上模糊看到的是蛋白质组山。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 回忆与展望
5 ministry      n.(政府的)部;牧师 参阅例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.咱们查询了空军部的记载。
6 contagion      n.(经过触摸的疾病)感染;延伸 参阅例句:
  • A contagion of fear swept through the crowd.一种恐惧感在人群中敏捷延伸开。
  • The product contagion effect has numerous implications for marketing managers and retailers.产品感染效应对市场营销管理者和零售商都有许多的启示。
7 severely      adv.严格地;严峻地;十分恶劣地 参阅例句:
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了严峻的批判而且被撤了职。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗枝大叶而受到了严峻的批判。
8 anticipation      n.预期,意料,希望 参阅例句:
  • We waited at the station in anticipation of her arrival.咱们在车站等着,等待她的到来。
  • The animals grew restless as if in anticipation of an earthquake.各种动物都变得烦躁不安,像是感到了地震行将产生。
9 seasonal      adj.时节的,时节性的 参阅例句:
  • The town relies on the seasonal tourist industry for jobs.这个乡镇依托时节性旅游业供给就业机会。
  • The hors d'oeuvre is seasonal vegetables.餐前小吃是应时蔬菜。
10 vaccinations      n.种痘,接种( vaccination的名词复数 );牛痘疤 参阅例句:
  • Vaccinations ensure one against diseases. 接种疫苗能够防备疾病。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I read some publicity about vaccinations while waiting my turn at the doctor's. 在医师那儿候诊时,我读了一些关于接种疫苗的宣扬。 来自《简明英汉词典》
11 procuring      v.(尽力)取得, (设法)取得( procure的现在分词 );拉皮条 参阅例句:
  • He was accused of procuring women for his business associates. 他被指控为其生意合伙人招妓。 来自辞典例句
  • She had particular pleasure, in procuring him the proper invitation. 她特别快乐为他争得这份面子的约请。 来自辞典例句
12 vaccine      n.牛痘苗,疫苗;adj.牛痘的,疫苗的 参阅例句:
  • The polio vaccine has saved millions of lives.脊髓灰质炎疫苗挽救了数以百万计的生命。
  • She takes a vaccine against influenza every fall.她每年秋季接种流感疫苗。
13 vaccines      疫苗,痘苗( vaccine的名词复数 ) 参阅例句:
  • His team are at the forefront of scientific research into vaccines. 他的小组处于疫苗科研的最前沿。
  • The vaccines were kept cool in refrigerators. 疫苗放在冰箱中冷藏。
14 inoculated      v.给…做防备打针( inoculate的过去式和过去分词 ) 参阅例句:
  • A pedigree pup should have been inoculated against serious diseases before it's sold. 纯种狗应该在出售前打针防备严峻疾病的针。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Disease can be spread by dirty tools, insects, inoculated soil. 疾病也能由不洁净的东西,昆虫,接种的土壤传达。 来自辞典例句
15 maker      n.制造者,制造商 参阅例句:
  • He is a trouble maker,You must be distant with him.他是个捣蛋鬼,你不要跟他在一起。
  • A cabinet maker must be a master craftsman.家具木匠有必要是技艺高超的手艺人。
16 procured      v.(尽力)取得, (设法)取得( procure的过去式和过去分词 );拉皮条 参阅例句:
  • These cars are to be procured through open tender. 这些轿车要用公开招标的方法购买。 来自《现代汉英归纳大词典》
  • A friend procured a position in the bank for my big brother. 一位朋友为我哥哥谋得了一个银行的职位。 来自《用法词典》
17 pharmaceutical      adj.药学的,药物的;药用的,药剂师的 参阅例句:
  • She has donated money to establish a pharmaceutical laboratory.她捐款成立了一个药剂实验室。
  • We are engaged in a legal tussle with a large pharmaceutical company.咱们正同一家大制药公司闹法律纠纷。

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