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快时尚带来的问题

文章来源:admin    时间:2021-01-04

  There's nothing quite like new clothes, is there? The UK certainly loves them. According to a report by the Environmental Audit1 Committee (EAC), the UK consumes five times more clothes today than it did in the 1980s. That's more than any other nation in Europe and amounts to around 26.7kgs per person. This results in 235 million garments going to landfill – victims of fast fashion.   Fast fashion is defined as "an accelerated fashion business model" involving "increased numbers of new fashion collections every year", "quick turnarounds" and "lower prices", according to the EAC. Globalisation means that attire2 is made in countries where labour is cheaper. This saving is passed on to consumers, who then consider the garb3 they own disposable – easily replaceable with something more on-trend. And that creates problems.   First, there's the environmental cost. Manufacturing any kind of textile costs resources. For example, synthetic4 fibres, which are made from plastic, have a larger carbon footprint than natural ones. Natural fibres, although more carbon-efficient, still require more water to grow. And further resources are used as the cloth is dyed, made into clothing and transported to retail5 for sale. Secondly6, the fast-fashion industry is under pressure to put the latest trending items on shelves fast, which can lead to workers being exploited and forced to labour in poor working conditions. In countries such as Bangladesh, Ethiopia and the Philippines, workers are paid wages that are insufficient7 to live on. One worker in Ethiopia told the BBC that they had to deal with intolerable conditions, such as withheld8 overtime9 payments, verbal abuse, and unsanitary toilets.   So what can be done in the UK to reduce clothes waste? The EAC has recommended eighteen improvements to the UK government, from increasing tax on purchases to fund recycling centres to introducing more sewing lessons in schools, encouraging a make do and mend attitude when things become threadbare.   What can we do? Shop "second-hand10 and vintage," recommends Tolly Gregory, an ethical11 fashion blogger. Kristabel Plummer, a London-based fashion blogger, who spoke12 to the BBC, also recommends "looking for quality" and "longevity13". So keep an eye out for durable14, resilient, hardy15 apparel that resists wear and tear. 
1 audit      v.审计;查帐;核对;旁听 参阅例句:
  • Each year they audit our accounts and certify them as being true and fair.他们每年对时令进行账务审阅,以保证其实在无误。
  • As usual,the yearly audit will take place in December.跟平常相同,年度审计将在十二月份进行。
2 attire      v.穿衣,打扮[同]array;n.穿着;盛装 参阅例句:
  • He had no intention of changing his mode of attire.他无意改动着装方法。
  • Her attention was attracted by his peculiar attire.他那独特的服装引起了她的留意。
3 garb      n.服装,装束 参阅例句:
  • He wore the garb of a general.他身着将军的制服。
  • Certain political,social,and legal forms reappear in seemingly different garb.一些政治、社会和法令的方式在外表不同的外衣下重复呈现。
4 synthetic      adj.组成的,人工的;归纳的;n.人工制品 参阅例句:
  • We felt the salesman's synthetic friendliness.时令感觉到那位销售员的虚情假意。
  • It's a synthetic diamond.这是人工钻石。
5 retail      v./n.零售;adv.以零售价格 参阅例句:
  • In this shop they retail tobacco and sweets.这家铺子零售卷烟和糖块。
  • These shoes retail at 10 yuan a pair.这些鞋子零卖10元一双。
6 secondly      adv.第二,其次 参阅例句:
  • Secondly,use your own head and present your point of view.第二,动脑筋提出自己的见地。
  • Secondly it is necessary to define the applied load.其次,需求确认所效果的载荷。
7 insufficient      adj.(for,of)缺乏的,不行的 参阅例句:
  • There was insufficient evidence to convict him.没有满足依据给他科罪。
  • In their day scientific knowledge was insufficient to settle the matter.在他们的年代,科学知识还不能足以处理这些问题。
8 withheld      withhold过去式及过去分词 参阅例句:
  • I withheld payment until they had fulfilled the contract. 他们履行合同后,我才付款。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • There was no school play because the principal withheld his consent. 因为校长没赞同,校园里没有举办竞赛。 来自《简明英汉词典》
9 overtime      adj.超时的,加班的;adv.加班地 参阅例句:
  • They are working overtime to finish the work.为了完成任务他们正在加班加点地作业。
  • He was paid for the overtime he worked.他领到了加班费。
10 second-hand      adj.用过的,旧的,二手的 参阅例句:
  • I got this book by chance at a second-hand bookshop.我赶巧在一家旧书店里买到这本书。
  • They will put all these second-hand goods up for sale.他们将把这些旧货悉数揭露出售。
11 ethical      adj.品德的,品德的,符合品德的 参阅例句:
  • It is necessary to get the youth to have a high ethical concept.有必要使青年具有高度的品德观念。
  • It was a debate which aroused fervent ethical arguments.那是一场引发激烈的品德品德争辩的争辩。
12 spoke      n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;损坏或人的方案;阻遏或人的举动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;讲演;从某种观念来说 参阅例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他们的轮辐螺帽是从时令公司取得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.辐条是轮子上衔接外圈与中心的条棒。
13 longevity      n.龟龄;长命 参阅例句:
  • Good habits promote longevity.杰出的习气能增加命命。
  • Human longevity runs in families.人类的长命具有宗族遗传性。
14 durable      adj.耐久的,耐久的 参阅例句:
  • This raincoat is made of very durable material.这件雨衣是用十分经用的料子做的。
  • They frequently require more major durable purchases.他们常常需求购买经用消费品。
15 hardy      adj.英勇的,决断的,喫苦的;耐寒的 参阅例句:
  • The kind of plant is a hardy annual.这种植物是耐寒的一年生植物。
  • He is a hardy person.他是一个能喫苦耐劳的人。

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