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文章来源:admin    时间:2021-01-04

  We owe a lot to cities. These densely1 populated hubs of transit2, industry and commerce brought together great swathes of the population. More than just living together for safety, cities allowed people to cooperate more easily and, as a result, develop more complex societies, science, and culture – things we continue to benefit from today. In 2016 the UN revealed that over 50% of the world's population live in urban settlements. Of these cities, 31 are classified as megacities. A megacity is one where its inhabitants number more than 10 million. And globally this trend is expected to increase.   London is no exception. Unsurprisingly, as England's capital city, London has a population of over 10 million – up by 1.1 million since 2008, according to one BBC article. This is a result of a higher birth rate than mortality rate, and an increase in international immigration. However, despite these rises, half a million more people have migrated away from this metropolis3 than have flocked to it. Why might this be?   It's the result of age. Where members of all other age groups tend to depart more than they arrive, young people between the ages of 20 and 30 are drawn4 to the range and number of jobs that the city offers and the education opportunities that can be found there. This explains why London has one of the youngest average populations in the UK, just 37, according to the BBC.   And the rest of the country? From 2002 to 2015 municipalities such as Liverpool, Birmingham and Manchester saw a population growth of 181%, 163% and 149% respectively, according to figures from the Office for National Statistics. Young professionals looking for high-paying jobs are attracted to the opportunities provided by growth in sectors5 such as finance and law. This in turn causes the development of city amenities6 such as gyms, restaurants and bars, making it an even more attractive place to live.   So are people in the UK leaving cities? It depends on where you look. What does seem clear is that people's views on the advantages of urban living may change as they get older. Where once was opportunity, now there may be hassle. Has your relationship with a city changed over time?
1 densely      ad.密布地;稠密地 参阅例句:
  • A grove of trees shadowed the house densely. 树丛把这幢房子遮盖得很密实。
  • We passed through miles of densely wooded country. 时令穿过好几英里茂盛的林地。
2 transit      n.经过,运送;vt.穿越,旋转;vi.跳过 参阅例句:
  • His luggage was lost in transit.他的行李在运送中丢掉。
  • The canal can transit a total of 50 ships daily.这条运河每天能经过50条船。
3 metropolis      n.首府;大城市 参阅例句:
  • Shanghai is a metropolis in China.上海是我国的大都市。
  • He was dazzled by the gaiety and splendour of the metropolis.大都市的花花世界使他感到目不暇接。
4 drawn      v.拖,拉,拔出;adj.瘦弱的,严重的 参阅例句:
  • All the characters in the story are drawn from life.故事中的一切人物都取材于日子。
  • Her gaze was drawn irresistibly to the scene outside.她的目光忍不住被外面的景色所招引。
5 sectors      n.部分( sector的名词复数 );范畴;防护区域;扇形 参阅例句:
  • Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. 战后柏林分成了4 个区。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Industry and agriculture are the two important sectors of the national economy. 工业和农业是国民经济的两个重要部分。 来自《现代汉英归纳大词典》
6 amenities      n.令人愉快的事物;礼仪;礼节;便当设备;礼仪( amenity的名词复数 );便当设备;(环境等的)舒适;(性格等的)愉快 参阅例句:
  • The campsite is close to all local amenities. 营地紧靠当地一切的便当设备。
  • Parks and a theatre are just some of the town's local amenities. 公园和戏院仅仅市镇文娱设备的一部分。 来自《简明英汉词典》

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