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法国:保护乡村的“感官遗产”

文章来源:admin    时间:2021-02-03

  From crowing roosters to the whiff of barnyard animals, the "sensory1 heritage" of France's countryside will now be protected by law from attempts to stifle2 the everyday aspects of rural life from newcomers looking for peace and quiet.   从公鸡的打鸣声到农场动物的臭味,从现在开端,法国村庄的“感官遗产”将遭到法令维护,阻挠新近搬到村庄寓居的人为了寻求平缓安静对村庄日常日子的方方面面进行限制。   French senators on Thursday gave final approval to a law proposed in the wake of several high-profile conflicts by village residents and vacationers, or recent arrivals derided3 as "neo-rurals".   A rowdy rooster named Maurice, in particular, made headlines in 2019 after a court in western France rejected a bid to have him silenced by neighbours who had purchased a holiday home nearby.   "Living in the countryside implies accepting some nuisances," Joël Giraud, the government’s minister in charge of rural life, told lawmakers.   Cow bells (and cow droppings), grasshopper4 chirps5 and noisy early-morning tractors are also now considered part of France’s natural heritage that will be codified6 in its environmental legislation.   "It sends a strong message," said Pierre-Antoine Lévi, the senator who acted as rapporteur for the bill. "It can act as a useful tool for local officials as they carry out their educational and mediation7 duties."   The law is emblematic8 of growing tensions in the countryside between longtime residents and outsiders whose bucolic9 expectations often clash with everyday realities.   Corinne Fesseau and her rooster Maurice became the image of the fight when she was brought to court by pensioners10 next door over the bird’s shrill11 wake-up calls.   Critics saw the lawsuit12 as part of a broader threat to France's hallowed rural heritage by outsiders and city dwellers13 unable or unwilling14 to understand the realities of country life.   Thousands of people signed a "Save Maurice" petition, and a judge eventually upheld the cock-a-doodle-doos.
1 sensory      adj.感觉的,感觉的,感觉器官的 参阅凯发k8官例句:
  • Human powers of sensory discrimination are limited.人类感官分辩才干有限。
  • The sensory system may undergo long-term adaptation in alien environments.感觉熟谙对生疏的环境或许经过长时期才干习惯。
2 stifle      vt.使窒息;闷死;摧残;遏止,阻挠 参阅例句:
  • She tried hard to stifle her laughter.她强忍住笑。
  • It was an uninteresting conversation and I had to stifle a yawn.那是一次枯燥无味的攀谈,我不得不强忍住自己的欠伸。
3 derided      v.讪笑,讪笑( deride的过去式和过去分词 ) 参阅例句:
  • His views were derided as old-fashioned. 他的观念被当作旧思维遭到嘲弄。
  • Gazing up to the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity. 我昂首疑视着漆黑,感到自己是一个被虚荣心唆使和拨弄的可怜虫。 来自辞典例句
4 grasshopper      n.蚱蜢,蝗虫,蚂蚱 参阅例句:
  • He thought he had made an end of the little grasshopper.他认为把那个小蚱蜢干掉了。
  • The grasshopper could not find anything to eat.蚱蜢找不到任何吃的东西。
5 chirps      鸟叫,虫鸣( chirp的第三人称奇数 ); 啾; 啾啾 参阅例句:
  • The linnet chirps her vernal song. 红雀吱喳鸣叫着她春天的歌。
  • She heard nothing but the chirps and whirrs of insects. 除了虫的鸣叫声外,她什么也没听见。
6 codified      v.把(法令)编成法典( codify的过去式和过去分词 ) 参阅例句:
  • In the meantime, however, Kennecott had been codified elsewhere in the Act. 但是,“肯尼考特”一案已被编人法案。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
  • Congress has since codified this holding. 从那时以来,国会编纂整理了最高法院的这一裁决。 来自英汉非文学 - 行政法
7 mediation      n.调停 参阅例句:
  • The dispute was settled by mediation of the third country. 这场争端经过第三国的斡旋而得以处理。
  • The dispute was settled by mediation. 经调停使争端得以处理。
8 emblematic      adj.标志的,可当标志的;标志性 参阅例句:
  • The violence is emblematic of what is happening in our inner cities. 这种暴力行为正标明了造就市中心贫民区的情况。
  • Whiteness is emblematic of purity. 白色是纯真的标志。 来自辞典例句
9 bucolic      adj.村庄的;牧羊的 参阅例句:
  • It is a bucolic refuge in the midst of a great bustling city.它是处在富贵的大城市之中的世外桃源。
  • She turns into a sweet country girl surrounded by family,chickens and a bucolic landscape.她变成了被家人、鸡与村庄现象所环绕的香甜村庄姑娘。
10 pensioners      n.收取退休、养老金或抚恤金的人( pensioner的名词复数 ) 参阅例句:
  • He intends to redistribute income from the middle class to poorer paid employees and pensioners. 他目的把中产阶级到低薪雇员和退休人员的收入做重新分配。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I am myself one of the pensioners upon the fund left by our noble benefactor. 我自己便是一个造就的尊贵的施主留传基金的养老金收取者。 来自辞典例句
11 shrill      adj.尖声的;尖锐的;v尖叫 参阅例句:
  • Whistles began to shrill outside the barn.哨声开端在谷仓外面尖叫。
  • The shrill ringing of a bell broke up the card game on the cutter.尖锐的铃声打散了小汽艇的牌局。
12 lawsuit      n.诉讼,控诉 参阅例句:
  • They threatened him with a lawsuit.他们以诉讼威胁他。
  • He was perpetually involving himself in this long lawsuit.他使自己无休止地卷进这场长期的诉讼。
13 dwellers      n.居民,寓居者( dweller的名词复数 ) 参阅例句:
  • City dwellers think country folk have provincial attitudes. 城里人认为乡下人思维陈腐。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • They have transformed themselves into permanent city dwellers. 他们已成为永久的城市居民。 来自《简明英汉词典》
14 unwilling      adj.不甘愿的 参阅例句:
  • The natives were unwilling to be bent by colonial power.土著居民不愿受殖民实力的支配。
  • His tightfisted employer was unwilling to give him a raise.他那小气的雇主不愿给他加薪。

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