service phone

Design Works 新闻动态

service phone

《政府工作报告》有哪些科技创新关键词

文章来源:admin    时间:2021-05-26

  面向未来,凯发k8官网下载客户端立异在我国现代化建造大局中处于中心位置。推进高质量开展,构建新开展格式,一个要害是完结高水平的科技自立自强。   本年的《政府作业报告》有哪些科技立异要害词?   要害词一:根底研讨 basic research   困扰我国科技开展的“卡脖子”之痛,根在根底。《政府作业报告》提出:   根底研讨是科技立异的源头,要健全安稳支撑机制,大幅添加投入,中心本级根底研讨开销增加10.6%,履行扩展经费运用自主权方针。 Basic research is the wellspring of scientific and technological1 innovation. So we will ensure the stable functioning of funding mechanisms3 for basic research and boost spending in this area by a considerable sum. Central government expenditures4 on basic research will increase by 10.6 percent.Research institutes will have more say about how funds should be used.   要害词二:战略科技力气 strategic scientific and technological strength   国家战略科技力气代表了国家科技立异的最高水平。《政府作业报告》提出:   强化国家战略科技力气,推进国家实验室建造,完善科技项目和立异基地布局。施行好要害中心技能攻关工程,深化策划推进“科技立异2030—严重项目”。 We will improve our strategic scientific and technological strength. The building of national laboratories will continue, and the layout of science and technology programs and innovation centers will be improved. We will ensure the success of projects launched to achieve breakthroughs in core technologies in key fields, further plan and implement5 the Sci-Tech Innovation 2030 Agenda.   要害词三:人才立异生机 the creativity of talent   受制于压使命、定目标、求数量等一些科研点评倾向,不少科技人员标明“压力山大”。《政府作业报告》提出:   完善项目评定和人才点评机制,实在减轻科研人员不合理担负,使他们可以沉下心来努力科学探究,以“十年磨一剑”精力在要害中心范畴完结严重突破。 The mechanisms for assessing projects and evaluating personnel will be refined. These actions will help relieve researchers of undue6 burdens and enable them to fully7 devote their time and energy to making scientific explorations and major breakthroughs in key technologies, just as a blacksmith in the past would spend years forging the perfect sword.   要害词四:揭榜挂帅 the open competition mechanism2 to select the best candidates   《政府作业报告》提出,2021年要革新科技严重专项施行方法:   革新科技严重专项施行方法,推行“揭榜挂帅”等机制。支撑有条件的地方建造世界和区域科技立异中心,增强国家自主立异演示区等带动效果。 We will reform the way that major science and technology programs are implemented8, and extend mechanisms, such as the open competition mechanism to select the best candidates to undertake key research projects, to more areas. We support localities with requisite9 conditions to develop international and regional centers for science and technology innovation, and better leverage10 the guiding role of institutions such as national innovation demonstration11 zones.   要害词五:企业立异主体 the principal role of enterprises in innovation   面对新一轮科技革新浪潮,假如仅靠“一招鲜”,很难“吃遍天”。《政府作业报告》提出:   运用市场化机制鼓舞企业立异。强化企业立异主体位置,鼓舞领军企业组成立异联合体,拓宽产学研用交融通道,健全科技成果产权鼓舞机制。 We will leverage market forces to encourage enterprises to engage in innovation. We will boost the principal role of enterprises in innovation, and encourage leading enterprises to establish innovation consortia. We will expand the channels that bring together enterprises, universities, research institutes and end-users, and refine the equity-based incentive12 mechanisms for scientific and technological advances.   完善创业出资监管体系和开展方针,纵深推进群众创业万众立异。连续履行企业研制费用加计扣除75%方针,将制造业企业加计扣除份额提高到100%,用税收优惠机制鼓舞企业加大研制投入,着力推进企业以立异引领开展。 We will improve the regulatory system and development policies for venture capital, and further promote business startups and innovation initiatives. We will continue to implement the policy of granting an extra tax deduction13 of 75 percent on enterprises' R&D costs, and we will raise this to 100 percent for manufacturing enterprises. By employing such mechanisms for preferential tax treatment, we can encourage enterprises to increase R&D spending and pursue innovation-driven development.
1 technological      adj.技能的;工艺的 参阅例句:
  • A successful company must keep up with the pace of technological change.一家成功的公司必须得跟上技能革新的脚步。
  • Today,the pace of life is increasing with technological advancements.当今, 跟着科技进步,生活节奏不断增快。
2 mechanism      n.机械设备;组织,结构 参阅例句:
  • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body.骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
  • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated.这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
3 mechanisms      n.机械( mechanism的名词复数 );机械设备;[生物学] 机制;机械效果 参阅例句:
  • The research will provide direct insight into molecular mechanisms. 这项研讨将使人可以直接地了解分子的机理。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He explained how the two mechanisms worked. 他解说这两台机械设备是怎么作业的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
4 expenditures      n.花费( expenditure的名词复数 );运用;(尤指金钱的)开销额;(精力、时刻、资料等的)消耗 参阅例句:
  • We have overspent.We'll have to let up our expenditures next month. 咱们现已超标了,下个月必定得节约开支。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • The pension includes an allowance of fifty pounds for traffic expenditures. 年金中包含50镑交通费补助。 来自《简明英汉词典》
5 implement      n.(pl.)东西,用具;vt.施行,施行,履行 参阅例句:
  • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it.不要承当一项方案,除非你能完结这项方案。
  • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade.在花园里挖土的最好东西是铁锹。
6 undue      adj.过火的;不适当的;未到期的 参阅例句:
  • Don't treat the matter with undue haste.不要过急地处理此事。
  • It would be wise not to give undue importance to his criticisms.最好不要过火垂青他的批判。
7 fully      adv.彻底地,悉数地,彻底地;充分地 参阅例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.医师让我先吸气,然后悉数呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他们很快就彻底融入了当地人的圈子。
8 implemented      v.完结( implement的过去式和过去分词 );履行;遵循;使收效 参阅例句:
  • This agreement, if not implemented, is a mere scrap of paper. 这个协议如不履行只不过是一纸空文。 来自《现代汉英归纳大词典》
  • The economy is in danger of collapse unless far-reaching reforms are implemented. 假如不施行影响深远的革新,经济就面对溃散的风险。 来自辞典例句
9 requisite      adj.需求的,必不可少的;n.必需品 参阅例句:
  • He hasn't got the requisite qualifications for the job.他不具备这作业所需的资历。
  • Food and air are requisite for life.食物和空气是生命的必需品。
10 leverage      n.力气,影响;杠杆效果,杠杆的力气 参阅例句:
  • We'll have to use leverage to move this huge rock.咱们不得不凭借杠杆之力来移动这块巨石。
  • He failed in the project because he could gain no leverage. 由于他没有影响力,他的方案失利了。
11 demonstration      n.标明,演示,证明,示威 参阅例句:
  • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism.他写的新书是他的爱国精力的证明。
  • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there.他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
12 incentive      n.影响;动力;鼓舞;诱因;动机 参阅例句:
  • Money is still a major incentive in most occupations.在许多工作中,钱仍是首要的鼓舞要素。
  • He hasn't much incentive to work hard.他没有努力作业的动机。
13 deduction      n.减除,扣除,减除额;推论,推理,演绎 参阅例句:
  • No deduction in pay is made for absence due to illness.因病请假不扣薪酬。
  • His deduction led him to the correct conclusion.他的揣度使他得出正确的定论。

地址:江苏省南京市玄武区玄武湖     座机:    手机:
    ICP备案编号: